Administrative and Management Sciences Journal <p style="text-align: justify;">Administrative and Management SciencesJournal (AMSJ) aims at publishing high quality research article which significantly adds value to body of knowledge. AMSJis a bi-annual, blind peer-review, and open access journal. AMSJ publishes original articles, empirical studies, review and conceptual articles, short notes, communications aligned with its aims, scope and objectives. Administrative and management Sciences aims to advance and communicate knowledge concerning management theory and practice both in public administration and in profit organizations. In processing and publication of research work, the Journal currently follows the Higher Education Commision (HEC) criteria.</p> Management Development and Research Innovation en-US Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2959-2267 Empowering Educational Institutions: The Synergy of Green HR Practices and Employee Wisdom for Elevated Workplace Wellbeing <p>In today's global push towards sustainability, the dynamics between Green Human Resource Practices (GHRP), Employee Wisdom (EW), and Workplace Well-being (WWB) have garnered significant attention. This study was set against the backdrop of educational institutions in Punjab, Pakistan, with the intent to elucidate these interrelationships. Using a quantitative research approach, we gathered data from employees through comprehensive surveys and subsequently analyzed it using the PLS-SEM<br />technique. The findings revealed a robust positive relationship between GHRP and WWB. Furthermore, EW emerged as a pivotal mediator, bridging the gap between GHRP and WWB. Notably, the combined impact of GHRP and EW on WWB was found to be more profound than when they were considered separately. These results underscore the imperative of integrating sustainable HR practices in educational settings and the value of cultivating employee wisdom. Beyond promoting eco-friendly initiatives, the research<br />emphasizes the resultant enhancement in the work environment and the overall well-being of staff members. This study augments the existing literature, offering a unique perspective on the intertwined roles of GHRP, EW, and WWB in the educational milieu of Punjab.</p> Massaud Akhtar BILAL ANWAR Qurban Ali Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 1 19 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.57 Measuring Job Performance through Leadership with the Mediating Effect of Emotional Intelligence <p>The aim of this study is to measure the effect of leadership on job performance through the mediating role of emotional intelligence. Primary data were collected from 530 Pakistani private hospital employees. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. SMART PLS 4.0 software was used to draw the results from the data. Statistical techniques like, bootstrapping through process were used to explore the results and to test the hypotheses from the collected data. The results of this study revealed that leadership has a positive impact on job performance of employees in private hospitals of Pakistan. Further, bootstrapping analysis revealed that emotional intelligence mediates the positive effect of leadership on job performance in health sector. The study highlights that leadership is not only effective or applicable in western countries only, but it is also very effective in Pakistan. The most prominent limitation of this study is that the data were gathered from a single source. This may occur common method variance. Cross-sectional approach is also one of the limitations of this study. In health sector, leadership can enhance the job performance of the employees through the mediating role of emotional intelligence. Proper and meaningful training should be given to organizational leaders in hospitals with specific focus on leadership skills in improving emotional intelligence and job performance. The research studies on measuring the role of leadership on job performance through the mediating role of emotional intelligence are very limited. Little investigations are available on the leadership and its role in health sector especially in Pakistan. This study clarifies the role of leadership in enhancing job performance of the health care employees through the existence of the emotional intelligence. No study tested this model with three theories. This study makes a theoretical contribution by integrating three relevant theories; Campbell's theory of job performance, Goleman's mixed model theory, leadership theory.</p> Saleha Ahsan Attia Aman-Ullah Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 20 34 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.59 The Impact of Ethical Leadership on Stressors and Employee Performance <p>This study aimed to investigate the correlation between stressors and ethical leadership, and their impact on the performance of critical area nurses in a tertiary care hospital. The issue of stress among hospital staff appears to be a significant concern that impacts the functioning of the healthcare system. Questionnaires were used to gather data from 391 full-time nurses working in the critical care sector. The data focused on leadership style, employee performance, and stressors. Structural Equation Modeling conducted using SMART-PLS 4.0. The present study introduced a novel perspective for firms that aim to address work-life pressures and improve employee performance by emphasizing the positive impact of ethical leadership. Organizations have the ability to develop and improve the communication skills of their managers through planned training sessions. This organization should recognize the importance of research that emphasizes the role of leadership in terms of communication competency in order to optimize employee performance and enhance organizational efficiency.</p> Riffat Naheed Saqib Yaqoob Malik Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 35 42 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.60 Improving Branchless Banking in Berlin Germany: The Effects of Promotional Strategies <p>Purpose of current study was to evaluate the function and importance of promotional strategies in branchless banking (BB) to capture a sizable portion of untargeted and unaddressed branchless banking volume in Germany. In both emerging and developed countries, commercial banks promote, influence, and integrate economic activities. This study aimed to determine importance of branchless banking in Berlin, Germany, to alleviate pressure on traditional banking practices. BB is used as a dependent variable, whereas promotional strategies such as below the line (BTL) and above the line (ATL) marketing are independent variables. Berlin, Germany, comprises population stratum in this cross-sectional survey. Additionally, snowball sampling technique which is non-probability sampling method was used in this research study. Both independent and dependent variables were analyzed using inferential statistics. Cronbach alpha (CA), average variance extracted AVE, composite reliability (CR), standard deviation (S.D) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were used. It was found that BTL marketing campaign and ATL marketing campaign positively related with branchless banking. The findings of the study are generalized to promote branchless banking through below-the-line and above-the-line marketing campaigns.</p> Anam Alina Junaid Jahangir Saqib Malik Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 43 53 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.61 Effect of Ethical Leadership on Followership Dimension <p>Ethical leadership behavior has positive influences on followership dimensions. This study aimed at investigating the relationship Ethical leadership and followership dimensions. This research study used Kelley’s followership framework, to analyze each dimension of the leader-follower relationship. This study use social learning and social exchange theories to test the relationship between ethical leadership and follower. The social learning theory is used to support ethical leadership. Quantitative design was adopted for this purpose, and survey was chosen to collect primary data. Nature of data was cross-sectional. The population of the study consists of all public sector employees in southern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Non probability snow ball technique was used to select the sample size and specific formula gave the sample size of 395. Total 500 questionnaires were distributed among employees working in public sector organizations, among which only 412 came, 395 were used to yield the results. Findings revealed that ethical leadership has a significant relationship with followership dimensions and further analysis of results revealed that these data provided insights into the followers’ current followership style (i.e., their current levels of independent critical thinking and active engagement), their leaders ‘behaviors, and the quality of their individual leader-follower relationship. The findings of the current study declare a significant connection between followership and ethical leadership effect. The study showed that ethical leadership and followers have had a significant relationship. There is a positive and significant relationship exists between ethical leadership and followership dimension in Pakistan public sector. Discussion and implications are presented based on the results of the study.</p> sumbal jamil Shumaila Hashim Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 54 64 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.63 Impact of the Democratic Leadership Style of Project Manager on Project Success: The Mediating Role of Innovative Work Behavior <p>The project manager has a great responsibility to their subordinates and achieves the organizational objective and allocates resources to meet the project objective and motivate the project team by providing a vision of an ideal outcome. Project management skills are very crucial to the success of a project. Many projects have failed due to the ineffective leadership style of the project managers in such a way that insufficient planning, lack of authority, and poor communication forest the lack of transparency. This study aims to analyze the impact of democratic leadership style of a project manager on project success by analyzing the mediating role of innovative work behavior. The research strategy for this study is quantitative. 300 questionnaires were distributed to established project-based organizations to collect data. Statistical software for social science research, SPSS, and PLS, was used to analyze the data. The findings show that democratic leaders have a positive impact on project success. Innovative work behavior can help to boost project success in a complex situation within an organization.</p> Dr Qudsia Arshad Shabeena Ashraf Uzma Pervaiz Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 65 75 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.66 Mediating Role of Good Governance between Debt Management and Economic Performance <p>No one country of the planet is self-sufficient for financial and non-financial resources. Some have abundant of natural resources while someone have abundant of human resources and so on. Due to scarce of resources a country needs effective and efficient utilization of resources. Effective and efficient utilization of resources depends upon good governance, competent and sincere economic managers. Keeping in view of the said perception, current study examined the role of good governance in the debt management and economic performance. Current study used the World Bank data from the period of 1990 to 2020. Economic performance is measured by the per capita income (PCI) and taken as dependent variable. Whereas, debt to gross domestic product (GDP) is taken an independent variable. While good governance (GG) is taken as mediating variable and measured through The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project constructs aggregate indicators of six broad dimensions of governance such as voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence/terrorism, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of Law and Control of Corruption. Econometric equation is developed to measure the direct and indirect effect of GG with respect to debt to GDP and PCI. The study results concluded that there is no relationship between debt to GDP and economic development. While interesting finding is that there is significant relationship between GG and economic performance. Study also found insignificant mediation of GG between debt to GDP and economic development.</p> Qaiser Aman Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 76 81 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.67 Effect of Currency Devaluation in Pakistan: A Prospect of Short Term and Long Term <p>Currency devaluation is a standout amongst the most emotional even awful proportions of financial strategy that a legislature may attempt It generally creates cries of shocks and Sustainable economic growth and development is undoubtly, one of the most challenging development issue, nowadays, in the developing countries Therefore, this study investigates theoretically and empirically the impact of currency devaluation on economic growth of Pakistan The study finds evidence of non-linearity in this relationship and capture that through a smooth transition regression model. Using annual data for the period 1975-2018, employing ARDL bounds test. From an evaluation of the overall analysis and results, it is concluded that foreign exchange reserves have positive and significant short run effect for all the countries. Inflation has negative and significant effect on economic growth of all the countries while real exchange rate has also positive and significant effect on economic growth. The government spending on development has positive and significant effect in short run scenario for all the selected countries while the money growth have positive and negative but significant effect on different countries depending on the political situation and economy based on agrarian product or industrial products. The results of this study confirm the finding of most previous study, since the advent of the exogenous growth theory. The study suggests that all the variables e.g. inflation, foreign exchange reserves, real exchange rate, money growth and government spending could be effectual in these augmenting economies.</p> Sana Amin Shumaila Hashim Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 82 90 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.72 Household Traits and Its Impact on Offspring’s Educational Inclusion: Empirical Evidence from Urban and Rural Areas of Pakistan <p>This study used household income and expenditure, parental perception, believes in tribal norms and voice of mother in the decision making as independent variable to their impact on child’s schooling decision compared with its alternate available activities. In this study we used a unique data set collected from various districts of Pakistan for a child labor and education project. The observed relation between income inequality and parental education and the schooling of their children is calculated through a simultaneous equation model. The results reveal that along with the income and education of parents their perception and the role of the mother in decision making have a positive impact on the offspring’s schooling. However, belief in tribal norms has a negative significant influence on the schooling of the offspring.</p> Muhammad Toseef Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 91 99 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.74 Nexus between Organizational Justice and Innovative Work Behavior: The mediating role of Knowledge Sharing <p>This research paper has assessed the nexus between organizational justice and innovative work behavior. Also mediating role of knowledge sharing was assessed. Three facets model of OJ has been extensively researched in the last couple of decades. However, spatial and temporal justice has been incorporated in the current paper. Thus, SJ, TJ, Interactional, Procedural and Distributive justice were conceptualized as facets of OJ and their impact on IWB was assessed. Academicians were inquired whether or not perceptions relating to fairness affect their IWB’s level at workplace. Furthermore, mediating effect of KS between OJ and IWB was also assessed. A strong positive association was found among the research variables. Predictor significantly affect criterion variable and composite as well as component level assessment of OJ revealed KS as partial mediator between IV and DV.</p> Gohar Nadeem Dr. Qamar Afaq Qureshi Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 2 1 100 110 10.59365/amsj.2(1).2023.73