Administrative and Management Sciences Journal <p style="text-align: justify;">Administrative and Management SciencesJournal (AMSJ) aims at publishing high quality research article which significantly adds value to body of knowledge. AMSJis a bi-annual, blind peer-review, and open access journal. AMSJ publishes original articles, empirical studies, review and conceptual articles, short notes, communications aligned with its aims, scope and objectives. Administrative and management Sciences aims to advance and communicate knowledge concerning management theory and practice both in public administration and in profit organizations. In processing and publication of research work, the Journal currently follows the Higher Education Commision (HEC) criteria.</p> Management Development and Research Innovation en-US Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2959-2267 Contribution of Twenty-first Century Leadership to the Employees’ Innovative Work Behavior: A Systematic Literature Review <p>Employee innovative work behavior drives the generation of new ideas, which in turn fosters organizational innovation and competitiveness. Many elements<br />influence this behavior, the most important being the leadership. The term<br />"innovative work behavior" has evolved, and this has led to a great deal of<br />research looking into different leadership roles and how they affect employee<br />innovation. The research on leadership in the context of employee creativity and<br />innovation is extensive and encompasses more than one hundred leadership<br />roles from various viewpoints. Undertaking a Systematic Literature Review (SLR)<br />in this field is essential to establishing future leadership strategies that effectively<br />tackle the intricate problems of contemporary industries. The 608 empirical studies<br />included in the current SLR were retrieved from the reputable databases Scopus<br />and Web of Science. These studies investigated how leadership in primary,<br />secondary, and tertiary industries foster employee creativity and innovation. Three<br />key themes are identified by the study: a comprehensive evaluation of various<br />leadership studies; an industry-specific analysis that reveals a narrow focus in the<br />primary sector; and an investigation of the transformational, transactional, and<br />hybrid leadership styles. The SLR established taxonomies to classify previous<br />research, identify unexplored domains, and direct the selection of variables for<br />subsequent research. In the era of digitalization, the conventional dominance of<br />transformational and transactional leadership is under threat from the need for<br />novel approaches to problem-solving. The literature emphasizes the importance of<br />adaptive leadership styles and the shortcomings of old leadership paradigms in<br />tackling contemporary issues. The study followed five steps SLR method from<br />formulating the research topic, carrying out an exhaustive search, putting inclusion<br />and exclusion criteria to use, picking and extracting data from pertinent studies,<br />and to presenting and analyzing the results. The synthesis of a large body of<br />research in this SLR makes a substantial contribution to our knowledge of the role<br />that leadership plays in employee creativity. The identification of underexplored<br />industries requires targeted research efforts to address opportunities and<br />constraints unique to the primary industry, particularly in the agriculture sector.<br />This can be accomplished by categorizing leadership styles, recognizing market<br />trends, and recommending taxonomies for further investigation. In conclusion, this<br />study offers valuable insights for developing effective leadership strategies that<br />foster innovative work behavior and accelerate organizational innovation in the<br />twenty-first century</p> Muhammad Mursaleen Asif Shahzad Mahwish Parveen Muhammad Shoaib Aslam Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 111 124 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.76 The Effect of Green HRM Practices on Environmental Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model with Empirical Examination <p>This research aims to investigate employees' environmental responsibility (EER)<br />and green transformational leadership (GTL) influence the relationship between<br />green human resource practices (GHRMP) and environmental performance (EP) in<br />KP universities, Pakistan. We collected data from 377 actively involved faculty<br />members in KP universities, utilizing descriptive and inferential statistical analyses<br />following Hayes Model 7. The results reveal that the association between green<br />HRM practices and environmental performance is partially mediated by green<br />transformational leadership. Furthermore, employees' environmental responsibility<br />moderates the relationship between green HRM practices and green<br />transformational leadership significantly. In the context of moderated mediation,<br />employees' environmental responsibility emerges as a significant moderator in the<br />link between green HRM practices and environmental performance through green<br />transformational leadership. We also discuss in detail the theoretical and practical<br />implications of the study's findings</p> Mahad Jehangir Sher Zaman Khan Abdul Salam Lodhi Muhammad Haseeb Qureshi Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 125 139 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.78 Job Characteristics and Task Performance: The Role of Technostress among Teleworkers <p>Task performance remains a main issue for teleworkers in organizations during the<br />COVID-19 and post-COVID era. The unique demands and challenges faced by<br />teleworkers result in increased stress and decreased task performance. This study<br />focuses on the relatively overlooked indirect effect of technostress during post<br />covid and between job characteristics and task performance. The survey approach<br />was used to collect the data from 248 employees from teleworkers working in the<br />IT and telecom sectors of Pakistan's twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad). The<br />purposive sampling technique was used to collect data. The findings suggested that<br />Task Autonomy and Task Identity had a significant positive impact on Task<br />Performance. The research provides a unique set of lessons that the IT sector<br />should implement to increase the task performance of teleworkers, which<br />ultimately leads to achieving goals and gaining a competitive advantage. The study<br />contributes to the existing literature on the contributing factor that improves the<br />effectiveness of teleworkers in the IT sector of Pakistan. The study is unique in its<br />scope and implications, focusing on the IT sector. This research will provide<br />useful insight to better understand how task autonomy and task identity are<br />necessary for the effectiveness of teleworkers’ task performance where technology<br />is the only source of communication between all the employees.</p> Muhammad Imran Aemon Malik Muhammad Ali Raza Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 140 151 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.80 Beyond Likes: Understanding the Mediating Role of Advertising Influence in Social Media Marketing's Impact on Purchase Intent <p>In contemporary business landscapes, the strategic utilization of social media<br />platforms and the perceptual inclinations of consumers towards promotional<br />content represent significant challenges for enterprises seeking to augment<br />individual purchase intentions. Consequently, to comprehensively elucidate the<br />multifaceted dynamics surrounding advertising influence and consumer attitudes<br />vis-à-vis purchase intention formation, this investigation scrutinizes the impacts of<br />Entertainment (E), Informativeness (INF), and social media (SM) on Purchase<br />Intention (PI, with a particular focus on the mediating influence of Advertising<br />Influence (AI). The conceptual underpinnings of this study draw upon established<br />theoretical frameworks, specifically the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and the<br />Uses and Gratification Theory (U&amp;G). Empirical data were gathered from a<br />sample comprising members of the general populace actively engaged in shopping<br />pursuits within retail establishments situated in urban centers across both China<br />and Pakistan. A total of 478 survey instruments were distributed and subsequently<br />analyzed to discern underlying patterns and associations. The methodology<br />employed convenience sampling techniques to facilitate data collection, while<br />hypotheses were tested utilizing statistical analyses conducted through SPSS and<br />Smart PLS SEM 3.0 software. Findings from this investigation underscore the<br />profound transformative influence exerted by social media, entertainment, and in<br />formativeness on individuals' lifestyles, as well as their perceptual orientations and<br />behavioral predispositions towards online advertising within the context of<br />Pakistan. The implications of these findings extend beyond mere theoretical<br />contributions, resonating significantly within the marketing domain by elucidating<br />the pivotal role assumed by marketing practitioners in effectuating attitudinal and<br />behavioral shifts among consumers through strategic interventions leveraging<br />these antecedent variables. Moreover, this study serves to address extant gaps<br />within the scholarly literature, thereby enriching the collective understanding of<br />consumer behavior dynamics. Looking ahead, future research endeavors must<br />embrace the inclusion of additional innovative variables and theoretical<br />frameworks, thereby facilitating the validation and contextual applicability of the<br />proposed model across diverse cultural and geographical contexts.</p> Fahad Javed Baig Hafiza sobia Tufail Tufail Majid Hussain Sajjad Nawaz Khan Muhammad Kamran Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 152 164 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.81 The Impact of External Dynamics on eLearning Acceptance and Adoption in Higher Educational Institutions: A Theory of Planned Behavior <p>The domain of technology acceptability has emerged as a crucial area of<br />investigation within the sphere of information technology. Over time, numerous<br />theories and models have been suggested to clarify individual behaviors towards<br />technology adoption and assess the level of acceptance and satisfaction with<br />technological advancements. This research conducts a thorough examination of<br />diverse hypotheses concerning technological acceptance and evaluates their<br />explanatory capacity critically. The analysis demonstrates that these theories can<br />be broadly classified into two primary domains: practical application and scientific<br />inquiry. Concentrating primarily on recognizing the external factors impacting the<br />acceptability and implementation of technology, this study aims to illuminate the<br />dynamics both preceding and during the global pandemic. Specifically, it explores<br />the subtle influence of external factors on the adoption and usage of eLearning<br />platforms in higher education environments. By examining existing literature and<br />empirical research, this investigation seeks to offer valuable insights into the<br />intricate relationship between external variables and the acceptance of<br />technological developments. Through a comprehensive analysis of elements like<br />socio-economic circumstances, institutional regulations, and technological<br />frameworks, this study strives to enhance comprehension of the intricate interplay<br />between external influences and technology adoption procedures. Ultimately, the<br />outcomes of this study are positioned to guide future strategies and interventions<br />designed to promote greater acceptance and utilization of technology in various<br />contexts, particularly considering unprecedented global challenges like the<br />Pandemic</p> Shakeel Ahmed Asim Mehmood Reema Shaheen Muhammad Usama Shakeel Fatima Toheed Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 165 171 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.85 Green Intellectual Capital: Boosting Sustainability via Innovation, Value Creation & Resource Efficiency <p>In today's environmentally conscious marketplace, achieving business<br />sustainability is paramount for manufacturing firms. This pressure is particularly<br />acute in developing nations like Pakistan, where balancing economic growth with<br />environmental responsibility presents unique challenges. Hence this study delves<br />into the critical relationship between green intellectual capital (GIC) and business<br />sustainability in Pakistan's manufacturing sector. The researcher also examined the<br />mediating effects of green innovation, value creation, and resource efficiency on<br />this association. Employing a survey instrument, data is collected from large scale<br />manufacturing firms located in three different industrial cities of Pakistan through<br />convenient sampling. Smart PLS SEM was used to explore the hypothesized<br />relationships and the mechanisms through which GIC impacts business<br />sustainability via mediating variables. The results confirmed all hypotheses as<br />statistically significant. The first hypothesis showed a positive and significant<br />relationship between GIC and business sustainability (β = 0.101, p &lt; 0.05). The<br />second hypothesis demonstrated that value creation effectively mediates the<br />relationship between GIC and business sustainability (β = 0.191, p &lt; 0.05). The<br />third and fourth hypothesis found that green innovation and Resource efficiency<br />both significantly mediates between green intellectual capital and business<br />sustainability with (B=0.183, p&lt;0.05) and (B=0.120, p&lt;0.05) respectively. Hence<br />all the hypotheses were supported. These findings hold significant implications for<br />Pakistani manufacturing firms, offering valuable insights into strengthening their<br />environmental practices and achieving long-term sustainability. However, the<br />applicability of these findings to other sectors or countries may require further<br />investigation. Further research employing more robust sampling techniques can<br />enhance the generalizability of the findings</p> Kokab Manzoor Manzoor Junaid Jahangir Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 172 186 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.89 Effects of Leadership Styles on Employees’ Motivation: A Literary Debate <p>Leadership styles are different modes of behavior exhibited by administrators,<br />managers or leaders, significantly influencing the motivation level of their<br />employees within an organization. These styles include Transactional,<br />Transformational, Autocratic, Democratic, Servant, and Laissez-faire leadership.<br />Each style has unique characteristics, and its effectiveness depends largely on the<br />situational context. While some organizations inherently lean towards a particular<br />leadership style, other may rarely practice certain styles. For instance, military<br />organizations typically favor transactional leadership, whereas educational<br />institutions often adopt a transformational approach. A theoretical model was<br />developed from the literature to understand the effects of these different leadership<br />styles on employees’ motivation. This model will be tested and verified later by<br />using primary data to be collected from university teachers in Dera Ismail Khan,<br />Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.</p> Muhammad Siddique Afia Saadat Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 187 192 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.91 Working Women Political Awareness, Participation & Apathy in Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan <p>Political awareness is vital to increase support for political activism and decrease<br />the political indifference (apathy). Likewise, access to political information and<br />continuous updating of political awareness determines and strengthens the positive<br />and negative behavior of the individual citizens. This study is aimed to study the<br />relationship of Political Awareness, of Working Women in Pakistan, with their<br />Political Participation &amp; Apathy, particularly of those women working in the<br />higher education institutions of Pakistan.</p> Afia Saadat Muhammad Siddique Siddique Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 193 197 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.92 Exploring Collaborative Practices: A Survey of Library Cooperation within University Networks <p>The University library is considered the heart of the educational system.<br />Collaboration among university libraries is essential to fulfill the users'<br />information needs. The current study is designed to examine areas of library<br />cooperation between the central library and departmental libraries within the<br />university domain. Benefits, obstacles, and preferences for library cooperation<br />have also been explored. A quantitative research methodology was adopted to<br />execute the study. A questionnaire was used as a data collection tool and data was<br />collected only from those university libraries having central and departmental<br />libraries. The data was collected from 110 academic librarians working in central<br />or departmental libraries of universities across Pakistan. The findings revealed that<br />libraries within a university are frequently cooperating in many areas. The highest<br />cooperation is in the exchange of books followed by cooperation in the<br />classification of books. More than half of the universities have established<br />integrated cooperation among libraries within the university. One-fifth of the<br />libraries have interactive relationships, and the remaining libraries have weak<br />cooperation or no cooperation at all. Cooperation among libraries has improved<br />access to print resources, improved quality of the library services, enhanced access<br />to library services, and improved coordination in the acquisition of library<br />material. Limited financial resources, lack of formal framework for library<br />cooperation, and lack of technology infrastructure were major obstacles faced by<br />libraries. Based on the study findings it is proposed that there should be an<br />integrated relationship among libraries for cooperation and resource sharing within<br />the university domain for uniformity in services.</p> Bashir Ahmad Ahsan Ullah Muhammad Tufail Khan Muhammad Siddique Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 198 208 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.94 Organizational Justice Perceptions and the attributes development of Psychological Capital <p>The purpose of this study is to find potential effect of organizational justice (OJ)<br />perceptions on the development of psychological capital (PsyCap) attributes,<br />among school teachers. A stratified sample of 400 teachers (male and female) of<br />primary, secondary, and higher secondary schools was extracted from the district<br />of Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. To measure OJ perception and PsyCap, a<br />structured questionnaire was adapted using two scales (OJ-18, and CPC-12),<br />respectively. Results implied that teachers' perceptions of OJ and positive<br />organizational behavior have significant positive relationship with PsyCap. More<br />specifically, all the three sub-constructs of OJ i.e. Procedural Justice (PJ),<br />Distributive Justice (DJ and Interactional Justice (IJ) have significant positive<br />effect over PsyCap attributes among schoolteachers. It is concluded that<br />developing justice perceptions; can aid in identification, measurement and<br />subsequently development of PsyCap attributes among schoolteachers</p> Inayat Ullah Muhammad Siddique Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 209 217 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.100 Economic Growth and Development of the Country through EVoting, Free and Fair Elections <p>Elections are an important means to elect the democratic governments for a<br />specific period to rule the country and work for the growth and development of the<br />people. Voting, in this regard, is used as a tool in this democratic process. The<br />traditional voting systems witnessed low turnout of masses, result delays, rigging<br />and formation of handicap governments, litigation, protests and several other<br />problems including high cost of this futile exercise. In this scenario, e-Voting<br />(Electronic Voting) seems the ultimate solution to pull the county out of jeopardy<br />and helps in the creation of popular governments duly elected by the majority<br />votes of the masses. This study is an attempt to develop a solution model for all<br />such countries, including Pakistan, where Elections are of paramount importance,<br />but the outcomes of elections are compromised thereby resulting in weak<br />democratic system which remains vulnerable and lacks popular support of masses<br />in general.</p> Muhammad Siddique Afia Saadat Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 218 223 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.102 Does Good Governance Mediate Between GDP To Debt and Economic Development? <p>The main motive of the study was to investigate the role of good governance<br />between debt to GDP and economic development. Existing study used the data<br />over the period of period 1990 to 2020 of World Bank. Per capita Income (PCI) is<br />taken as dependent variable for economic performance. While good governance<br />(GG) is considered as mediating variable in this study which is measured through<br />the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI). Whereas debt to GDP is used as an<br />independent variable in this study. This study measured the direct and indirect<br />effect of mediating and independent variables. The study results concluded that<br />there is a relationship between debt to GDP and economic development. It shows<br />that more debt to GDP leads to higher economic development. Study also found<br />significant relationship of mediating variable between debt to GDP and economic<br />development</p> Qaiser Aman Copyright (c) 2024 Administrative and Management Sciences Journal 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 2 2 224 229 10.59365/amsj.2(2).2024.70